Museum architecture

Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma, Helsinki.

The first proper museum buildings were designed in France in the late 18th century, and as the idea of the national museum was spread, museums started to appear elsewhere in Europe as well. The architecture was palatial and severe. Typical features included high central halls and monumental staircases. The first Finnish museum buildings also date back to this time, among them the Ateneum Art Museum.

Modern museum architecture emerged in the early part of the 20th century in the wake of Functionalism. The aim was to create a building that would serve its functions: collections care, exhibitions and museum administration.


Finnish museum architecture:

Ateneum Art Museum, Helsinki 1887

Turku Art Museum, 1904

National Museum of Finland, Helsinki 1916

Alvar Aalto Museum, Jyväskylä 1973

Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma, Helsinki 1998

Kierikki, Yli-Ii 2001

Buildings renovated as museums

Oulu City art Museum, 1990

Lönnström Art Museum, Rauma 1993

Historical buildings turned into museums

Cygnaeus Gallery, Helsinki 1882

Sinebrychoff Art Museum, Helsinki 1921

Urajärvi Manor, Asikkala 1928